Child development from birth to 2 years

Like I said before, all my work experience (5 years) it’s about childcare, working with teens, and social work. I love to work with children, especially to make a difference in their lives, I watch them growing and developing.

Children develop quickly in the early years, and the persons around them have to do all they can to help children have the best possible start in life.

From early on, babies produce responses – such as smiling and crying, cooing. Infants can smile and cry. Initially these are reflexes but parents typically respond as if they were intentional communications. So the infant learns the social consequences of crying and smiling.

Birth – 11 months:

  • Enjoys the company of others and seeks contact with others from birth
  • Baby can respond when talked to, for example, moves arms and legs, changes facial expressions
  • Seeks physical and emotional comfort by snuggling in to trusted adults
  • Can recognise and react to Mom’s voice for example
  • Stops and looks when hears own voice
  • Makes own sounds in response when talked to by familiar adults
  • Baby can turn head in response to sounds and sights
  • Makes movements with arms and legs which gradually become more controlled.

From 12 months to 24 months:

Between 1-2 years old, they are developing important fine motor skills and gross motor skills. Their balance, climbing, speaking and running will develop rapidly. It’s the transformation time, you will see the baby transforming from a baby to more a toddler.

1year-old will begin to try and become independent in many ways.

  • gross motor skills: Most babies take their first steps before 12 months and are walking on their own by the time they’re 14 or 15 months old.
  • Fine motor skills: By 24 months, your little one can likely drink from a cup, eat with a spoon, and help get undressed. 
  • Explores new toys and environments, but will checks in regularly with a a familiar adult as and when needed
  • Demonstrates sense of self as an individual, e.g. wants to do things independently, says ”NO” to adults.
  • Also they can have tantrums.
  • Their vocabulary will count many easy words.

Notice: Children develop at their own pace, so don’t worry if your child doesn’t do what your neighbour child does. As a parent, you know your child best.

Photo by Daria Shevtsova on Pexels.com

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