Inclusion in education refers to all students being able to access and gain equal opportunities to education and learning.
Inclusive education is the most effective way to give all pupils a fair chance to go to school, learn and develop the skills they need to thrive. It means real learning opportunities for groups who have traditionally been excluded, not only children with disabilities, but speakers of minority languages too.
Some of the benefits of inclusive practice include:
Teaching pupils about diversity and equality.
Improving, encouraging friendships between diverse children (Diversity)
Promoting parental confidence that their children are being accepted and can be successful in the school setting.#
An estimated 240 million children worldwide live with disabilities. Like all children, children with disabilities have ambitions and dreams for their futures. Like all children, they need quality education to develop their skills and realize their full potential.
Yet, children with disabilities are often overlooked in policymaking, limiting their access to education and their ability to participate in social, economic and political life. Worldwide, these children are among the most likely to be out of school. They face persistent barriers to education stemming from discrimination, stigma and the routine failure of decision makers to incorporate disability in school services – Source UNICEF
Happy Hippo și Kind Gose este cărticica pe care am publicat-o in Iulie 2021 în Londra.
Scriu această postare deoarece multe persoane m-au contactat pentru a le da câteva sfaturi, raspunde la întrebări.
Cartea mea este publicată de o editură independenta, asta înseamnă 100% drepturi de autor. Dezavantaje sunt si aici destule, dar pasiunea și scopul cărții sunt mai importante pentru mine.
Pasul 1. Ai obținut ISBN-ul cărții? Ai nevoie de câte un ISBN (cod de bare) pentru fiecare format al cărții. Hippo și Goose este în format fizic -paperback și electronic pe Amazon Kindle.
Pasul 2. Ai pdf-ul cărtii cu ilustrațiile? Daca răspunsul este DA! atunci este timpul pentru printareeeeee, si aici ai nevoie de o căutare buna pe Google. Eu îți pot da o recomandare cu prețuri foarte bune și calitate de nota 10, scrie mi aici pe e-mail http://www.moncojbooks.com
3. Ar trebui acum să ai cartea în mânuțe, fii mândră/ mândru de realizarea ta! You did it! Dar partea cea mai dificila începe acum, știi de ce?
4. Promovarea cărții, practic a muncii tale dedicate celor mai frumoase suflețele de pe acest pământ. Cartea să fie pe website, Amazon și rețele de socializare.
Pasul 5. Nu-ți pierde speranța, adu-ti aminte scopul cărții și zâmbetele inocente ale copiilor care deja ți-au deschis cartea.
Pentru mai multe detalii despre Hippo si Goose aveti link-ul de mai jos.
If a baby is malnourished, neural cells can become weak or damaged and this can cause lowered brain function. If a child has little interaction with their caregiver, it can change how emotional and verbal pathways develop and impact their ability to learn. This may have consequences for brain functioning in later life.
Our brains develop from before birth and into adulthood
What happens in a child or young person’s life during these periods can have a significant effect on their brain development.
Positive experiences throughout childhood help to build healthy brains, while experiencing childhood trauma and abuse can harm a child’s brain development (Shonkoff et al, 2015)
Just as adults get stressed, so do young children. However, they may not have the coping strategies yet to handle it. Children may display stress through mood swings, difficulty sleeping, bedwetting or displaying signs of feeling physically unwell such as tummy aches. They may also change their behaviour and habits, becoming more clingy or sucking their thumb.
When you see signs that your child is stressed, it is important to communicate with them on what may be the source of the problem. Firstly, identify the triggers, then help them to build a strategy towards overcoming the issue. Let them know that it is okay to be anxious or upset, and help provide vocabulary for what they are facing as well as calming techniques. I reccomend you to use pep cards.
2. Make Time for Play/ have fun with your child/ren
Routines are a source of comfort for children, so help build and maintain routines that you can adhere to consistently. Knowing what to expect helps children to feel secure and loved, whilst reinforcing good behaviour and developing positive habits such as washing hands or brushing teeth. It also removes anxieties surrounding the unknown or change.
3. Healthy food/habits
A nutritious and balanced diet and regular exercise are essential in maintaining your child’s physical and mental health. Introducing good eating habits when they are young will continue as they grow older, and ensures that they have had the proper fuel to support their development.
4. Develop Self-esteem
For older children in particular, issues such as popularity may impact their wellbeing and stress levels. Therefore, it is important to help them develop self-confidence, so that they can handle change and uncertainty with ease. Make sure to praise your child, celebrating their success and progress. In addition, help them understand that failure is inevitable and often beneficial, as it can help understand what to improve.
Attachment is characterized by specific behaviors in children, such as seeking proximity to the attachment figure when upset or threatened (Bowlby, 1969).
Stages of Attachment
Rudolph Schaffer and Peggy Emerson (1964) investigated if attachment develops through a series of stages, by studying 60 babies at monthly intervals for the first 18 months of life (this is known as a longitudinal study).
The children were all studied in their own home, and a regular pattern was identified in the development of attachment.
The babies were visited monthly for approximately one year, their interactions with their carers were observed, and carers were interviewed.
A diary was kept by the mother to examine the evidence for the development of attachment. Three measures were recorded:
• Stranger Anxiety – response to arrival of a stranger.
• Separation Anxiety – distress level when separated from carer, degree of comfort needed on return.
• Social Referencing – degree that child looks at carer to check how they should respond to something new (secure base).
Bowlby suggested that a child would initially form only one primary attachment (monotropy) and that the attachment figure acted as a secure base for exploring the world.
The attachment relationship acts as a prototype for all future social relationships so disrupting it can have severe consequences.
This theory also suggests that there is a critical period for developing an attachment (about 0 -5 years).
If an attachment has not developed during this period, then the child will suffer from irreversible developmental consequences, such as reduced intelligence and increased aggression.
My absence from the blog is very well explained and comes with a surprise. My children’s book Happy Hippo and Kind Goose is available on kindle edition on Amazon.co.uk. Soon paperback will be available. If you want your children, grandchildren to have a great laugh and learn about friendship, kindness, happiness, then order a copy now.
Some families still live in unimaginable ways. Even though we are in the year 2021 The family I am talking today is formed of a widowed Mom and 4 little kids. They live in a high rate of poverty, don’t have their own house (living with a mom’s sister) and their income is low as Mom is not working because she has to take care of the children.
Sometimes the good fairy sends some money or food. But they need a little house to call it theirs otherwise they have no stability and the fear that tomorrow will end up on the streets. The authorities can’t help or do want to. They practically do not care. In Romania, in the rural area, the poverty rate is 34%.
Now, let’s think of their near future, what are they going to be, can they answer the question ”what do you want to be when you grow up”? They can’t answer for sure!
They might think from where and when the next meal will come or if tomorrow their aunt will kick them out, which is a huge probability. I am trying to help and give them a future and HOPE. If you wanna be part of it, please donate whatever you can or share with other people. Do you want more pictures or info? Get in touch with me.
Are you a busy parent, or do you love your job, or both?
Well, when a baby comes into your life, how do you organise yourself to be a Mom/Dad and still working?
I think is really challenging, as in UK for example, you only are entitle to 1 year of maternity leave. I am trying to walk in these parents shoes, the ones that bring their 8 months old baby to the nursery so they can go to work and gain more money. I will NEVER be able to leave my baby in a childcare setting, pay over £10,000 a year for the day care and at the end of the day spend 1 hour with my baby, before they fell asleep, sounds like a nightmare!
I am aware of the babies development, especially in the early years, the parents needs to be part of their growing, exploring and enjoying every minute!
Do you want them to say first Mom/Dad or their Key worker’s name from the nursery?
I know is so important and vital to have a good salary so you can pay for food, rent, and so on. But can you still survive at least one year not going back to work?!. Just do some calculations and see if you can do it, as I know some parents can do it, but chose not to.
The Government should help parents and to be aware that babies needs to be with their parents at least 24 months, change the law!
Every country has families living in poverty. With this global pandemic, I know a lot of parents have lost their jobs, and it’s really hard to find a new job.
When a child is born, they do not choose their families dependending on their social status, how many money they have in their bank account. God will take care of that child.
I know children who has to work instead of going to school, when actually only the education can save you from poverty.
Some children drop off the school to work, or they get married (early marriage). I know hundreds of girls between the age of 12 and 18 and they already have children, and a partner, they became mature before their time. In a village, is a girl and she is 13, she gave birth to her son last year, the kid has a father and they live together in a tiny room, the community, parents, family they all are aware of this situation, but they normalize it and say nothing about it. Now, how many chances has that child to go to school, and have a job? I think the child most likely will copy the parents behavior, and will take them like a role model.
When the kid will start school in that village, the teacher will give him no changes of higher education, probably will avoid going to his desk and look into his work, ask if we understood the lesson, and so on. The parents, do not have themselves education, so what happens to the child? He will fall into the poverty cycle. Believe me, I am talking the true, true cases, I have seen them with my eyes.
Poverty is all around the globe, some children have no food with days, no access to education, or a bright future.
These children needs people who cares about them, not people who cares about their pockets. Try to help a poor family, and do not judge them.
I wanted to write about this topic for a long time, and finally here is it.
Parents are all different, their parenting styles are not the same, not even between 2 parents of the same child. Now, having a baby in the 21st century is like they were born in the same time with a well known phone, you know which one I am talking about, you most probably have it in your hand, pocket, bag…
Now let’s talk about our topic
Young brains needs a lot of external stimulation to develop, particular from birth to age 3 (critical period). In this period is better for your child to stay away from devices, keep them engaged with books, talk to them, do indoor or outdoor activities like baking or a trip to the forest. Some parents choose for their child to be in a nursery, kindergarten, in this way children stays away from phone, iPad, tablets, etc. But when kids spent the most of the time at home, some parents introduce to their kids the devices voluntary or involuntary. Now, I am not blaming anyone, there are positives and negatives in all things from this earth.
I was born in 1995, so I did not know that phone exists until I was probably 8 or 9 (2003), that’s when I had my first phone, can you imagine how proud and happy, excited I was? even though that was an old NOKIA, and the only thing I can do was to play that snake game, do you know what I am talking about?
Now, why I was happy about it, well probably because of that game or just the feeling of having that device, or that I could of call my friends, it was something new and exciting. The TV was always there in our room, so I remember watching cartoons quite a lot and sometimes I fought with my brother because he wanted a different channel. Boys and girls didn’t had the same interests, not at that time 🙂
So imagine now, after 2010, the children are amazed of devices, especially that it can offer them a lot of diversity. Of course they will fall in love with mommy’s, daddy’s phone or that tablet, iPad you leave it on the couch…
At work I see babies (15 months old) taking a toy that might look like a phone and hold it to they ears are says ”hello”, so what are we talking about, a child aged 15 months and thinks he is talking on the phone, well our children copies everything we do and say. He most probably seen Mom, dad holding that device at their ear.
INTRODUCINF CHILDREN TO ELECTRONICS
I am not against this, but we have to keep in mind 2 things – the age of the child and the time the child is exposed to the device!
If we give a 2 year old the phone, iPad in their hands or put it in front of them to watch cartoons, or to listen to music, so we can do our job… well I am against, and I will tell ypu why, first the child’s age and then you gave that child no external stimulation, no social interaction. What if we invite someone to keep an eye on our child?
If the child is 8 years old and we slowly introduce him/her to the device let them watch, discover, play songs, cartoons for not longer than 1 hour a day, why? Well, because we are in the 21st century and the technology is what we live in. The child might find interests, passion in technology an this a good opportunity to grow up with and later to be a software developer, IT manager, etc. We need people in this areas as in this world is what we feed our self with. Can you imagine life without internet, phones, computers, and other devices? In hospital, schools they need technology.
Supervise your kid activity while using the devices, make sure you do not let them have full access to things you don’t wanna the child look to. It’s so easy to have access to a lot of disturbing content these days, and always remember that online world is not always safe, there are many paedophiles behind the screen.
I have seen a lot of children on Instagram posting ”challenges” that require to meet and have a date and God knows what happens after that ”date”. And the parents has also an Instagram account to, hello do you follow your child activity? Do it now, before is too late, no offence!
My advice is to have in mind the age, purpose, health benefits, time, before introducing kids to devices!
LET KIDS BE KIDS AND THEN SLOWLY LET THEM DISCOVER THEIR PASSION, INTERESTS!